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The Role of Auditory Beats Induced by Frequency Modulation and Polyperiodicity in the Perception of Spectrally Embedded Complex Target Sounds

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text
 

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article
 

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document numérique
 

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Titre

The Role of Auditory Beats Induced by Frequency Modulation and Polyperiodicity in the Perception of Spectrally Embedded Complex Target Sounds
 

Nom(s)

Marin, Cécile (auteur)
 
McAdams, Stephen (auteur)
 

Publication

1996
 

Description

Sujet(s)

perception et cognition musicales   auditory beats  
 

Résumé

The contribution of auditory beats to the perception of target sounds differing from an interfering background by their frequency modulation (FM) pattern or by a difference in fundamental frequency (F0) was investigated. On each trial, test sounds composed of a single, second-order formant were embedded in harmonic backgrounds and presented in successive intervals. The center frequencies of these "normal" formants differed across intervals. Subjects were to decide which interval contained the test formant with a center frequency matching that of an isolated target formant presented before each test stimulus. Matching thresholds were measured in terms of the width of modulation for FM stimuli or the mistuning of the F0's of unmodulated test formants relative to that of the background. Beats may have allowed the identification of the spectral region of the target in both experiments. To reduce interactions between test and background components, matching thresholds were measured for "flat" formants composed of two or three equal-amplitude components embedded in a harmonic background in which components corresponding to those of test formants were absent. These measures were repeated with the addition of a pink noise floor. Matching was still possible in all cases, though at higher thresholds than for normal formants. Computer simulations suggested that the modulation depth of envelope fluctuations within auditory channels played a significant role in the matching of target sounds when their components were mixed in the same frequency region with those of an interfering sound, but not when the target and background components were separated by as much as 250 Hz, the F0 of the stimulus. NOTE : Some of the experiments reported here were conducted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for C.M.H. Marin's (1991) doctoral dissertation which is available in French. Correspondence and requests for reprints should be adressed to either author at IRCAM; email marin@ircam.fr, smc@ircam.fr.
 

Note(s)

Article paru dans : JASA: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America vol. 100 n°3
 

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2010-02-25 01:00:00
 

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